What is an endophyte ?

Endophyte is a naturally occurring fungus that grows symbiotically in the grass plant. It produces compounds that prevent insects from feeding on the leaves and stems of the plant. Many Perennial Ryegrasses and Tall Fescues available commercially are high in endophytes. The lawn seed package will usually state whether it contains any high endophyte species. Endophytic grasses are safe in lawns, however the grass clippings should not be fed to livestock, as it will make them sick. If you have a pet that occasionally feeds on grass that is fine. The problem only occurs with animals whose staple diet is grazing grass.

How long does it take for grass seed to germinate ?

  • Depending on mixture, you should expect initial growth for most varieties to begin in 7 days provided adequate moisture is available, soil is warm enough and conditions allow for germination
  • Kentucky Bluegrass will take up to 30 days to germinate.
  • The more ryegrass in the mix the faster the grass will establish
  • The more bluegrass in the mix the slower the grass will establish
  • First mowing should take place in 3-6 weeks when the grass blades reach 3" in height

When is the best time to seed ?

  • Best time to seed is late summer – early fall.
  • The exact timing will vary from location to location and from year to year.
  • The hot days of summer should be past before seeding.
  • Fall seeding allows two establishment periods (fall and spring) before the grass must go through a hot, dry summer.
  • Soil temperatures are warm to promote fast germination and the nights are cool.
  • Increased morning dew helps keep seeds moist.
  • Reduced pressure from competitive weeds.

Can I seed in the Spring ?

Yes, apply seed in Spring when soil temperature reaches 15°C (60°F) - Ideally mid May to mid June If you have spread grass seed in the early spring, it will not germinate until the soil temperature reaches about 15°C (about 59°F).

Some grass varieties do require less maintenance than others. What this means is the grass will require less water and fertilizer than other species. Less water and fertilizer does lead to slower growth and less frequent mowing however it is important to be aware that your lawn will not look as lush and thick as a well maintained turf area. Low maintenance species aren't as competitive as other grasses, which can also leave your lawn more susceptible to weeds and take longer to recover from damage due to high traffic, drought, insect damage, etc.